In reference to the following Daily Times News Article - Child-porn fan get long stint in state pen
While the Fourth Amendment protects your right to "unreasonable search and seizures" by the government, how it applies to technology and online privacy is a challenging and ongoing issue for debate. When the Fourth Amendment was put into place, those responsible could not have anticipated the technological advancements that would occur afterward or the various tools the government would have to monitor citizens. Many people believe that what they are doing online is private, but even with anonymous browsers, VPNs and blocking extensions, it's still possible for the government to track and monitor your activity or bring about charges related to any questionable behavior.
The use of popular peer-to-peer (P2P) file sharing programs may not necessarily prevent your most private and personal information from being compromised. These programs have proliferated over the years and are widely available for a variety of uses, both personal and commercial. According to a report to Congress prepared in May 2005 by the General Accounting Office (GAO) in Washington, D.C., there were in excess of 100 P2P programs available for commercial and non-commercial uses.
Electronic monitoring and the search and seizure of electronic data, such as cell phones and computers, have become a hot topic in recent years. The laws surrounding when - and how - electronic data can be monitored, searched and seized is so complex, the federal government has put forth a guide explaining the process that police and federal agents must follow for a search and seizure to be legal.