Many people may think it does not matter what they send through the mail. However, law enforcement officials see some types of mail as fraudulent. If people face mail fraud charges, it is important for them to understand the fine details of this offense.
Know the Basics
According to the Legal Information Institute, people commit mail fraud when they use the postal service to do something illegal. There are several components of mail fraud that have to be in place for law enforcement officials to charge someone with this offense. Most of the time, people have to intend to defraud others and use the postal service as a vehicle for this fraud. The mail people send usually has to contain missing or wrong information in an attempt to mislead people. Additionally, mail fraud has to result in some kind of loss for other people. A person committing mail fraud, for example, might send letters asking for money. If the people who receive the letters send money, they would experience a financial loss.
Identify the Kinds of Mail Fraud
Many people may think that all mail fraud is the same. The United States Postal Inspection Service says there are several different kinds of mail fraud. A person usually commits financial mail fraud if he or she sends mail that requires a financial transaction. This type of fraud generally asks people to send payment so that they can begin a new service or receive a product. Another kind of mail fraud involves employment opportunities. In this situation, people typically send letters about false job opportunities that require the letter recipients to send their financial or personal information.
Some people might think that mail fraud only involves the mail. However, this offense can involve other types of communication as well. Telemarketing fraud, for example, typically begins through the postal service and asks people to make a phone call. Additionally, sometimes mail fraud targets specific people. A person usually commits this offense if he or she sends fraudulent mail to military veterans or seniors.